UK marketplaces to collect overseas seller VAT after Brexit transition

Published on: 23rd July 2020

UK marketplaces will start collecting overseas seller VAT with no minimum value from the 1st of January 2021.

Oversees seller VAT

The government has published plans for marketplaces to collect overseas seller VAT with no minimum value from the 1st of January 2021. This is welcome news for Retailers Against VAT Abuse Schemes (RAVAS) and VatFraud who have been campaigning for this for the past decade.

The changes to VAT treatment of overseas goods sold to customers have two aims:

  • To ensure that goods from EU and non-EU countries are treated in the same way and that UK businesses are not disadvantaged by competition from VAT free imports.
  • To improve the effectiveness of VAT collection on imported goods and address the problem of overseas sellers failing to pay the right amount of VAT on sales of goods that are already in the UK at the point of sale.

The paper published this week does not cover matters specified in the Northern Ireland protocol and the government has committed to providing guidance on how the Northern Ireland Protocol will work ahead of the end of the transition period.

Key VAT changes for overseas seller VAT are as follows:

  • For imports of goods from outside the UK in consignments not exceeding £135 in value (which aligns with the threshold for customs duty liability), HMRC will be moving the point at which VAT is collected from the point of importation to the point of sale. This will mean that UK supply VAT, rather than import VAT, will be due on these consignments.
  • The new arrangements will also involve the abolition of Low Value Consignment Relief, which relieves import VAT on consignments of goods valued at £15 or less.
  • Online marketplaces, where they are involved in facilitating the sale, will be responsible for collecting and accounting for the VAT.
  • For goods sent from overseas and sold directly to UK consumers without online marketplace involvement, the overseas seller will be required to register and account for the VAT to HMRC.
  • For sales of goods by overseas sellers, where the goods are already in the UK at the point of sale, the responsibility for accounting for VAT from the overseas seller to the online marketplace that facilitates the sale will be removed.
  • Overseas sellers will remain responsible for accounting for the VAT on goods already in the UK and sold directly to UK consumers without online marketplace involvement.

A possible concern is how large an online marketplace has to be in order to be liable to collect overseas seller VAT. There are many smaller marketplaces and this change could be a barrier to their growth if they have to perform VAT collection for overseas sellers.

However, the move will be welcomed by many UK sellers who have felt disproportionately impacted by overseas competitors who they suspect have been avoiding VAT, particularity sellers who have variously shipped from the Far East, shipped from UK warehouses, undeclared values or marked packages as gifts.

With VAT being collected at the point of sale by marketplaces after the Brexit Transition Agreement ends and the New Year starts, the only people not charging VAT on marketplaces in the UK will be domestic UK businesses which aren’t VAT registered. Unlike the UK where a business can trade below the VAT threshold, there is no VAT registration threshold for businesses not established in the UK, so the seller is liable to register and account for VAT as soon as it starts making sales or holds stock for sale in the UK.


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